I am a professor in the Talmud department and currently serving as the chair of the department. My research focuses on the history of early rabbinic literature and law against the background of Second Temple Judaism and within its Greco-Roman context. The rabbis of the first centuries CE devised new forms of study and legal thinking, and my work traces the emergence of this new legal discourse, especially as it is reflected in the literary evolution of the Mishnah. My previous book, Purity and Identity in Ancient Judaism: From the Temple to the Mishnah (revised English version), applies this approach in the field of purity law, which acquired new meanings as it was transformed from Second Temple to rabbinic Judaism.My publications also uncover the impact of the broader Greco-Roman culture on the evolution of rabbinic law and thought. In my recent project, ‘Making Law under Rome: The Making of Rabbinic Halakhah within its Provincial Legal Context’ I examined the various responses of rabbinic law to its Roman legal environment and standard of law making, as well as the emergence of the rabbinic movement as a provincial elite. Consequently, in my Current projet, Local Law under Rome, I expanded my reseach of provincial legalism through a comparative examination of various local legal cultures in the Greek East. The role of the Roman Empire in the separation of Jewish and Christian identities underlies the volume I edited on Jewish and Christian Communal Identities in the Roman World (Brill 2016) as well as the book I co-authored: Jewish Martyrdom in Antiquity: From the Book of Macabbes to the Babylonian Talmud.
Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Institute for Jewish Studies
The Faculty of Humanities
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Office: Rabin Building, room 1211
Office hours: by prior arrangement